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This page gives examples of efficient layouts for houses and production facilities so the flow of goods is fast and space is conserved.

HousingEdit

Large scale occidental layoutEdit

Large city-340 houses

Big City building plan

Large city-FireCarpSurg

Building plan with calamity buildings

Layout large city wo facilities

Preparing for "Need-Buildings"

This building plan is for 4 Market Places, which are flipped symmetrically: with a horizontal and a vertical axis.


  • The first image shows the outcome, if you are playing without the need for Carpenters, Fire Stations and Surgeries.
  • The second image shows where to place calamity buildings (Carpenters, Fire Stations and Surgeries) if you set up game for them. This will "cost" you 9 Houses per Market Building.
  • The third image shows how to prepare for the "Need Buildings": Build the houses in this way, so (later on) to easily make place for the Tavern, Church and Prison.



In the first image the center is left open. This is best filled with a Market Building. An additional Market Place can be build here, but houses build around it, will be out of the influence areas of the "Need Buildings". You could make a beautiful garden here, as well.

4 Market Place · 340 Houses · 16 Chapels · 4 Church · 12 Taverns · 4 Prisons

Small scale occidental layoutEdit

SmallScaleHousingOccident
Small village with 84 houses and additional space for 4 chapels, 4 Carpenter's house, 2 taverns, 1 Debtor's Prison and 1 church (also space for an Alms house). Every house has got access to every service-building. Good if you want minimum amount of vacant space.

For protection against sickness and plague and fire, additional houses must be demolished to make space for such facilities.

1 Marketplace · 87 houses · 4 chapels · 4 carpenter's house · 2 taverns · 1 debtor's prison · 1 church

Occidental layout IEdit

HousingOccident
Village 2
A single set of utility buildings providing services for 101 houses. All houses get church access, so all can advance to at least citizen class. I have never gotten a plague using this layout, and fires are very rare if you use stone roads (less than one per 5 hours of gameplay). The market building can be omitted if you have something else covering the carpenters on the side already. Replace the inner carpenters/doctors with more houses if you have fire/plague disabled.

Second Image shows where to put Fire Stations, if you want them. Doesn't support the 3 Houses at top or bottom.

1 Marketplace · 101 Houses · 1 Church · 1 Tavern · 1 Debtor's prison · 4 Carpenter's houses · 2 Surgeries · 1 Small market building

Occidental layout IIEdit

Anno1404citylayout
This city is centered around the church, however this city layout is designed such that you can build it stepwise as your population develops. You first build the left marketplace and the chapel left of the place where the tavern will come later on (red empty rectangle). Once you have build the left part of the city with the church, you can build the second marketplace expand to right. With the complete city and your first Noblemen you normally have enough income to start building a big army and start waging wars.

Beggers houses can be build instead of a house at the edge of the city


Advantages:

  • Possible to build step by step
  • The doctors and carpenters are placed near the crossroads
  • The doctors and carpenters can't reach the other side of the city so they serve a smaller area but at a higher efficiency
  • Long straight roads are easy for person finding quests
  • Easy to fit between mountains and rivers on all large islands
  • Minimum of public buildings





Disadvantage:

  • Without an extra market building or place 4 houses in the corners can have no road connection

2 Marketplaces · 152 + 4 Houses · 1 Chapel · 1 Tavern · 4 Carpenter's house · 4 Surgeries · 1 Debtor's prison · 1 Church ·

Oriental layoutEdit

HousingOrient
A single set of utility buildings providing services for 108 houses.

1 Bazaar · 108 Houses · 1 Mosque · 1 Bath house

Imperial Cathedral with houses IEdit

Imp-Cath-334 houses

Imperial Cathedral with 334 houses

The placement of an Imperial Cathedral is best on a still empty piece of land. For you don't have to demolish any houses and facilities such as chapels, churches, taverns and prisons. Leave a "corner" on your main island to take advantage of the enormous influence area of the Imperial Cathedral.

1 Imperial Cathedral · 334 houses

Imperial Cathedral with houses IIEdit

Screenshot0016

Imperial Cathedral with 342 houses, and a nicer design!

IperialCathredalHouses
As said before, take enough space! The plan before this one is a lot of work, and demands precision, this one is more simple and has more houses! P.S.:You can`t see the whole plan, but its mirrored, so it won`t be difficult to do this.
Screenshot0018 edited

Ctrl and scroll to zoom

Screenshot0017

The upside

1 Imperial Cathedral · 342 houses

One Market Place - 100 housesEdit

Marketplace-houses-100pcs

1 Market Place, how many houses does it fit?

One Market Place can "hold" 100 houses. When you start out on an island, start with as many houses (read: tax income) as possible within the influence area of 1 Market Place. Once you have juiced the people of enough taxes - and they demand a chapel - demolish the four corner houses, and replace them with chapels.

1 Market Place · 100 Houses, or · 96 Houses · 4 Chapels

Single production stepsEdit

Even though farms usually do not need a road connection (the next building in the production chain can collect the goods directly), there are advantages to providing road connections.

  • Allows stockpiling of intermediate goods. Useful as additional buffer or to complete quests with. Examples:
    • On an Occidental island, your silk and indigo can be wired directly to a carpet factory. If the silk and indigo are not running at the same percent productivity, the more productive one will waste product.
    • If you need iron ore for a quest and you've wired ore directly into a smelter, you can't simply turn off the smelter and have iron ore show up in your warehouse. (Of course, you might be able to make a path and/or rebuild something in the way, later.)
  • Allows separating of farms and production buildings. This prevents production building staff to take long walks for small amounts of goods. Production buildings with a large collection range and high throughput (e.g. mill, bakery) can spend so much time visiting other buildings that they don't operate on full capacity.

Placement of 4 rectangle fields (base model)Edit

Fence

Fields of 4 rectangles

Four of a Kind

The placement of 4 production buildings, with 1 Market Building. The size of the farms are 3x4.

Placement of 5 rectangle fields (base model)Edit

Fence

Fields of 5 rectangles

Five of a Kind

The placement of 5 production buildings, with 1 Market Building. The size of the farms are 3x4. There is even room for 2 additional farms. This does not make production go faster, of make efficiency go up, but looks nicely full.

Placement of 4 or 5 rectangle fields (base model)Edit

Fence

3-0
2
Uses Noria exploit. The placement of 5 production buildings, with 1 Market Building. The size of the farms are 3x4. To increase efficiency, add more Market Buildings with (almost) the same layout(second image).Every Market Building needs a 7+4+7 height and 5+4+5 width (18x14 in total)

Placement of 6 rectangle fields (base model)Edit

Fence

Fields of 6 rectangles

Six of a Kind

The placement of 6 production buildings, with 1 Market Building. The size of the farms are 3x4. Two buildings (from one diagonal line) have only 5 fields. But in total this base model is easily copied.

Placement of 8 rectangle fields (base model)Edit

Fence

Fields of 8 rectangles

Eight of a Kind

The placement of 8 production buildings, with 1 Market Building. The size of the farms are 2x3.

Wood


Wood

Wood production layout
All huts run at 100%, although you may have to press the Cultivate-button after building the roads to get them back up to 100% (Note that it is significantly cheaper to manually build any required trees at 5 gold per tree, each tree gives ~3% productivity). There is one tile of overlap between each pair of huts.

The small market building can almost completely keep up with production when using dirt roads, and keeps up without trouble if you upgrade to stone roads.

Wood
(noria exploit)


Wood

Wood noria exploit
All huts run at 100% (see noria exploit), remember to press the Cultivate-button after building the roads.

Cider / Hemp / Spices


CiderHempSpices

Layout CiderHempSpices
This layout is usable for cider, hemp and spice plantations.

Uses 63 tiles per farm.


If you use this for spices and don't have (enough) irrigated land: you can either place noria's beside the blocks, or replace two fields (of different farms) with small norias and use the noria exploit.

Cider / Hemp

CiderHemp

Cider and hemp
You can place lots of farms at both sides of the large norias column. All plantations runs at 100% (see noria exploit).
Cider / Hemp

CiderHemp

HempCider
16 Hemp/Cider farms, all fields within the market radius.
(Almost) all Orriental Farms

DatesIndigoSilkCoffee beansSpices

Flexible Orriential Farms

Dates/Indigo/Silk/Coffee/...layout

This Layout gives you the flexibility you need!

You can build farms upto 5 fields If The farm doesn't need a road, you don't need to build the road (red).


In the middle you can build a market building with a small noria, a market building with a process building or 2 process buildings... The choise is yours.


If you build a spice farm you can leave 1 field (yellow) and build a large noria, market building, process buidling,... instead.


Large Noria's can also be set at the edge.

Spices


Spices

Layout spices with noria exploit
A layout for 24 spice farms around 5 norias. All farms run at 100% (see noria exploit). Fits in a 29x28 area.
Wheat / Milk WheatMilk
Layout GrainMilk

Wheat/Milk farm layout

This layout is usable for wheat (bread/beer) and milk farms.

Uses 64 tiles per farm.


Four blocks are displayed, showing how multiple blocks can be combined without wasting space in between.


Note that since goat farms don't require any fertilities, you can build them on northern islands. If you're building goat farms on infertile land: you can either place noria's beside the blocks, or replace some fields (of different farms) with norias and use the noria exploit.

Wheat / Milk / Cattle farms

WheatMilkCattle

Caddle farm noria

Cattle farm

Only usable on southern islands with use of noria exploit.

Uses 37 tiles per farm


For wheat adequate fertility is also necessary.


Keep in mind that wheat cannot grow on southern islands, and that all these facilities can be build on northern islands. This setup should only be used when you have no more building space left! Otherwise it would be a waste of money, because a noria exploit costs more money in maintenance than a regular farm.

Milk


Milk

Milk24

24 milk plantations on 4 norias

Milk-NoriaExploit

Grid Layout of the previous image

Only usable on southern islands with use of noria exploit. 24 goat milk farms with 4 norias run on 100% efficiency.


Be aware that each milk ton produced does drain water from every noria which will noticeably up the cost of milk (due to its low value).

Dates / Indigo / Silk / Coffee / Sugar


DatesIndigoSilkCoffee beansSugar cane

Noria exploit layout - 5 field farms

Date/Indigo/Silk/Coffee/Sugar farms with noria exploit

Uses noria exploit.

A layout for 22 Date / Indigo / Silk / Coffee / Sugar farms around 6 norias. All farms run at 100% efficiency (see noria exploit).


This layout is not suitable for grapes.[1]

Dates / Indigo / Silk / Coffee / Sugar

DatesIndigoSilkCoffee beansSugar cane

Square Oriental Production

Rectangular Layout for Noria Exploit

This is a similar layout to the one above, I just moved the market buildings to the corners to create a rectangular layout.
Grapes / Dates / Indigo / Silk / Coffee / Sugar

GrapesDatesIndigoSilkCoffee beansSugar cane

Layout GrapesDatesIndigoSilkCoffeeSugar

Grapes/Dates/Indigo/Silk/Coffee/Sugar farm layout

Does not include norias.

This layout is usable for grape, date, indigo, silk, coffee and sugar plantations on green soil.


Uses 76.25 tiles per farm.


Four blocks are displayed, showing how to combine multiple blocks while wasting only one tile per block.

Dates / Indigo / Silk / Coffee / Sugar


DatesIndigoSilkCoffee beansSugar cane

NoriaCentric5FieldComplex

This layout is usable for date, indigo, silk, coffee and sugar plantations on dry soil including norias. The warehouses on the end of the layout can be used for quarries or other production facilities. On strictly dry soil the farms produce at a reduced rate (91%).


Uses 82.25 tiles per farm. Where 69 is theoretical minimum. Does not use the noria exploit.


Four blocks are displayed, showing how to combine multiple blocks while wasting only 3 tiles between "columns".

Grapes
(noria exploit)


Grapes

Grapes1
A layout for 18 grape plantations around 9 norias (usable for northern islands). All farms run at 100% (see noria exploit).
Monastery gardens
(for beer)Herbs
Layout Herbs

Herbs farm layout

Herb farms are very flexible in their placement due to their small fields, so you will typically cram these into otherwise unused corners of your island. However, if you have large amounts of open space and want to use it efficiently, you can use this layout.

Uses 63 tiles per herb farm, where 57 tiles is the absolute minimum.


Four blocks are displayed, showing how multiple blocks can be combined without wasting space in between.

Monastery gardens


Herbs

Hops4

4 Herbs farm layout

This is an alternative to the layout shown above. This uses up the same amount of space as the one above, but, as you can see, the layout resembles in a square, allowing you to be more flexible when combining multiple of these layouts. Ultimately, the shape of your "beer island" would probably determine which of these 2 layouts you would prefer.

Note that 3 fields are slightly off the monastery radius, but the efficiency is still 100% and you do not need to rebuild the monastery to build the fields.

Animal hides
(for leather jerkins)Animal hides
Layout animal hides

Pig farm layout

A layout for animal hides (for leather jerkins).

Three blocks are displayed, showing how multiple blocks can be combined with minimal wasted space in between.

Animal hides
(for leather jerkins) / Cattle Farms (for meat)


Animal hides


Cattle

Layout animal hides noria.png

Pig farm layout

Two compact layouts for animal hides.

Upper layout uses 67.5 tiles per farm where 73 tiles is the absolute minimum without noria exploit. The lower layout uses 60 tiles per farm, but you have to use the field exploit (see below) which will result in higher building costs.


Both layouts work on southern and northern islands. Pig farms run at 100% with 3 norias or 2 norias on dry soil. They will run at 95% with 2 norias on fertile soil.


Cattle farms run at 100% with 3 norias.


There is also space to for other buildings, e.g. process plants.

Cattle farms
(for meat)


Cattle

Layout cattle

Layout for cattle farms

This layout is usable for cattle farms.

Uses 100 tiles per cattle farm, where 89 tiles is the absolute minimum.


Cattle farms need five 4x4 fields; pig farms only need four 4x4 fields.

Processing plants
Layout processing plants

Layout for processing plants

Although you can usually place processing plants such as Weaver's Huts and Wine Presses near your warehouse - it has spare market carts anyway - sometimes this does not work well. For example, once your city grows large, you need so much bread that you cannot place all of your mills and bakeries next to a single warehouse and have them all close enough to work at maximum capacity. In this case, the layout shown here is a good alternative.

Works for any processing buildings.


Note: keep bakeries and mills well separated if you have many; otherwise they will be tempted to pick up goods directly and waste time taking long walks.

Apiaries
(for candlesticks)Beeswax
Layout Apiary

Apiary layout

This layout is usable for apiaries (64 tiles per apiary). Is square, so scales easily and without wasting space between blocks.

The extended road deadspaces allow some "give" on the corners of the layout... If you barely can't fit a tight corner (15 tiles, not 16), you can push in a set of beehives along an edge. And since it's symmetrical, you can do a "mirror image", if needed. The extended road spaces can also let you place factories or whatever at the edge of the configuration, although you may need stone roads or to enlarge the market building so it can keep up.

Rose nurseries
(for perfume)Rose oil
Rose nurseries with noria exploit

Rose nurseries with noria exploit

Uses noria exploit.

A block of 18 rose nurseries supplied by 7 small norias. All nurseries operate at 100% (see noria exploit).


You can place perfumeries along the road if you like.

Rose nurseries
(for perfume)Rose oil
Roses noria

Rose nurseries with noria exploit

Uses noria exploit.

A perfect 23x23 square of 18 rose nurseries supplied by 7 small norias and 2 market buildings. All nurseries operate at 100% on dry soil (see noria exploit).


This layout uses 29.38 tiles per farm where 21 is the absolute minimum with noria exploit and 81 without.

Rose nurseries
(for perfume)


Rose oil

Layout RoseNursery

Rose nursery layout

Does not include norias.

This layout is usable for rose nurseries on fertile soil, or with norias added around it.


Uses 90 tiles per nursery, where 81 tiles is the absolute minimum without using the noria exploit.

Rose nurseries
(for perfume)Rose oil
Bhfsdh

This alternative layout allows 1 marketplace to supply 6 rose nurseries in a perfect 18x30 rectangle. May require market building upgrade.


Does not include norias so suitable for fertile soil or with norias added around it.

Almonds
(for marzipan)


Almonds

AlmondField Layout

This layout is used for almonds on fertile soil or with norias around it.


Uses 100 tiles per almond plant, where 89 is the minimum without the noria exploit.

Almonds


Almonds

Almonds24




Almonds layout

Grid Layout of the previous image

These are 24 almond farms supplied by 6 small norias. All farms operate at 100% (see noria exploit).

Grapes
(small norias)Grapes

20 Single-field Noria Grape Plantations

20 Single-field grape plantations at 100%

This scaleable layout used for 20 single-field grape plantations around 9 norias uses only 2 market buildings. All fields run at 100% capacity using the noria exploit. Uses 30.45 tiles per plantation where 21 is the minimum.



8 Oriental Farm Structure
(eg for 4 carpet workshops) SilkIndigoDatesRose oilCoffee beansSugar cane

Silk and indigo (for carpets)
A simple configuration that balances space and economy. All 5 field farms run at 100% on dry soil. Pictured are 8 farms for the production of carpets which supply 4 carpet workshops. Also works for 8 Date plantations, Sugar farms or Coffee plantations. Can be modified for 6 Rose farms running at 100% using 4 fields per farm with 2 integrated Perfumeries. Can also be used for Spice farms however only 1 field per farm is saved making it less space efficient. Can be modified for 10 Spice farms running at 95% (9.5 farm equivalent) with 2 fields each. Uses noria exploit but is highly economical as only 2 Norias are used. 

Cider and Hemp with Noria Exploit CiderHemp

Cider Noria
18 Hemp or Cider farms all working at 100%. Uses noria exploit.

Full production chainsEdit

Creating production chain clusters also has its advantages.

  • No road connection to intermediate buildings needed, allowing for more compact layouts.
  • Fewer market buildings needed, saving maintenance cost and space.
Bread Bread
Bread Loop

Chee's Bread Production Loop

Bread loop, 2x Wheat Farm, 1x Mill and 1x Bakery. Can support 725 Patricians/1025 Noblemen[2].If the last field is just out of reach, try temporarily placing a farm to build it, destroy the farm and then rebuild it like pictured.


As a small variation, you can swap the position of the mill and the wheat farm furthest from the road. This way, you don't have to destroy and rebuild. All buildings still operate at 100%.

Bread Bread
Screenshot00003

Screenshot

Bread Production Loop 4 Farm,2 Mill 2 Bakery.Only 2 green pixcels.
Bread Bread
Modified bread loop

Modified Chee's Bread Loop x4

Bread loop
Best thing about this modified version of Chee's bread production loop is that you never have to 'temporarily destroy and rebuild' wheat farms. (and saves some space around the edges)
Beer Beer
Beer x4 layout

Layour for four breweries plus farms

Four breweries and their required farms.

Uses 140 tiles per brewery, where 123 is the theoretical minimum.

Beer Beer
Beer
An alternative layout of 4 breweries using 135 tiles per brewery. This layout can be combined multiple times leaving just little wasted space. The drawback is that you need a rather large island and gaps need to be filled with other structures. That is why I usually use single production steps for beer instead.
Beer Beer
Beer 16X32

16 x 32 Layout for Beer Chains

4 Beer chains with only 2 empty squares and 2 roads.
Coffee Coffee
Coffee

Delra's Coffee layout

Coffee loop, 2x Coffee Plantations, 1x Coffee Shop and 1x Small Noria. Can support 1000 Envoys.
Ropes Ropes
Rope

Delra's Rope layout

Rope production layout consisting of 2x Hemp Plantations each with 4 fields and 2x Rope Yards built right next-door for fast resource inflow.
Linen + Ropes Linen garmentsRopes
Linen rope loop

Magers M.D.'s Linen+ropes Loop

4x Weaver's hut + 2x Ropeyards. Weaver's hut should be constantly running, while Ropeyards running only when you need certain amount of ropes needed for shipbuilding.(With both ropeyards functional, weaver's hut and ropeyards should get about 60~70% efficiency)

Optional: after advancing to Noblemen stage(when war machines are available to produce), add 1 hemp plantation next to each Ropeyard to make them constantly run at full capacity.

Ropes Ropes
Layout honour farm

Another rope layout.

Uses 76.25 tiles per ropeyard, where 69 is the theoretical minimum.
Linen Linen garments
Lien

4 Linen + 8 farms use 512 tiles on 20х26 rectangle ( 97,7% efficiency )

Wine Wine
Wine2x2

4 wine production chains

Here are 4 wine production units, each consisting of 3 wine yards, 1 barrel cooperage, and 1 wine press. The order from outside to inside is: yard/cooperage/yard/press/yard. Obviously, you need to make iron and wood available in the market places.

One market place for just 2 wine presses is a little overkill and you could place just one market place in the middle that would be able to get the wine from 4 presses. However, the barrel cooperage would not have a market place in its reach then, so this is the most efficient layout I could come up with. (Wasted tiles are marked with trees.)

Carpets Carpet
Carpets met tekst

This layout is for the production of carpets. carpets are good to sell for extra money and needed for nomads to advance. uses noria exploit

Screenshot0002.

Carpet production chain with 2 norias (noria exploit),2 silk- and indigofarms, and 4 carpet workshops.This one uses less farms then the one on the other photo, and i like it more (;

This is better built by mirroring the farm/field layout on the left side of the image for the right. This helps to prevent any norias from neighbouring layouts contributing to these farms, wasting their water.

Perfume Perfume
PerfumeLayout
24x24 Layout for 4 Perfumeries, each running at 100% efficiency.

The corner farms, being further away from the norias, require 3 fields to maintain 100% efficiency.

94% Space Efficiency

Uses Noria Exploit

CoffeeCoffee
CoffeeLayoutAgmas23x24,552,502,91%
23x24 Layout for 6 Roasting Houses, each running at 100% efficiency.

91% Space Efficiency

Uses Noria Exploit

Candles


Candles

Candles Layout

Four candle chains with 29/30 efficiency.


If you lack space, or need less than four candle chains, you can use half or quater of this layout.

Field ExploitEdit

Note: the Crop Farm is used as an example below. This strategy works best with fields 4x4 in size!

There are certain placement options for fields that are just outside the influence area of a building, as shown in the image to the right. However, there is a way to make such placements possible, even though it requires demolishing buildings and incurring extra building costs. The image above shows the problem.

Exploit, Influence Area 1

The problem: fields just outside influence area.

Exploit, Influence Area 2

Build a new Crop Farm.

First, build a Crop Farm adjacent to the location of the field that was just out of the influence area and use this farm to place that required field. Second, destroy that Crop Farm to release the existing fields from being tied to this Crop Farm.

Now build the permanent Crop Farm and make sure that the required field shows green before placing the Crop Farm. Now place 2 other fields, as shown in the image to the right. Take note that this field is now actually worked by the Crop Farm, in comparison to the first picture. This saves a lot of working space if multiple farms are placed like this!

Exploit, Influence Area 3

Final Crop Farm

NotesEdit

  1. Since grapes don't grow on islands with dry soil, 6 norias would only provide 74% productivity. 9 norias would be needed for 100% productivity. See noria exploit for more info.
  2. According to this Production Chart. Anno1404-Rechner.de.

External linksEdit

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